- European Union, Possible repercussions due to Corona virus

European Union, Possible repercussions due to Corona virus


Since the WHO announced the transformation of the “old continent” into the epicenter of the Corona epidemic, a series of events that have been successive shocks have occurred in the European Union as a result of different positions regarding many unilateral moves that have been the focus of the crisis, leading to a rift in the home. European.

Internal cracks

In Italy, which has become the focus of "Covid-19", Rome appears bitter at the fact that the members of the federation did not move to provide them with medical tools and artificial respirators, while Serbia, which has been in a negotiation stage for years to join the European club, criticized the absence of the principle of "solidarity" between countries Members, and even a political trend in Belgrade proposed to bid farewell to the idea of ​​joining the union.

The decisions to close the inter-border borders without referring to the European Union caused an internal rift, as Sweden criticized Denmark for closing its border area with it, while Spain, France, Italy and Portugal are pressuring senior European officials in order to find an appropriate formula for sharing the financial burdens. But the Netherlands and Germany are defending the enactment of more restrictive measures.

These are fragments of the political deadlocks that the European club lives in "Corona's time", after the bloc failed to endorse a joint health policy to confront the epidemic pandemic, even though the health sector falls under the national powers of the European Union countries. But this does not prevent the European Commission from coordinating health programs and services across borders.

The Spirit of Solidarity

Many people within the “old continent” are blamed for the Federation’s hesitation in coordinating between countries in light of the new “Corona” virus outbreak, indicating that the European Commission has not moved quickly to contain the repercussions of the epidemic, resulting in the absence of “solidarity” among the members of the Union in the first stage At least for the virus to spread.

Several political voices within the European actors criticized the absence of joint programs and the coordination of policies on emergency crises, given that the "Corona crisis" showed the fragmentation of the European bloc based mainly on the spirit of solidarity, which prompted some leaders of the members of the Union to classify the pandemic as the worst health crisis in Europe Since 1918.

Thus, Pedro Sanchez, Prime Minister of Spain, called for tougher measures to contain the epidemic within Europe, pointing out that this exceptional circumstance is mortgaging the future destiny of European unity, and called for the need to respond to emergency crises collectively, by building a "wartime economy that strengthens resistance" And recovers. "

The Marshall Project

For his part, Maurizo Masari, Italy's ambassador to the European Union, touched on the interrelated and thorny issue through an article published in the foreign media, saying: "We do not live in national health crises only, but rather it is related to joint European crises." Confronting the crisis collectively by activating the principle of European solidarity. "

The internal cracks prompted the European Commission to hold several meetings to confront the epidemic, as its President Ursula von der Lain admitted to underestimating the consequences of the virus at the beginning, which explains the delay in taking the necessary measures, calling for the preparation of a new "Marshall" plan for Europe, similar to the "Marshall" project. Who laid the foundations for the European economic system.

The existing crisis presents two separate perspectives: a first perspective that moves towards not promoting internal integration among the members of the Union, and a second perspective that calls for deepening the union with more integration in order to contain emergency crises. Most of the statements made by the leaders of the countries of the Union, especially its major poles, go towards the option of strengthening the powers of European institutions, but they require rethinking everything that exists, including the influence of institutions and elites.

Legality crisis

The media circulated in the European countries many reports that included many criticisms of the retreat of the roles of the conservative right, in exchange for the rise of a new right that exploits populist culture and the means of communication, where the conservative right is accused of making concessions to liberals and the left, and that it itself has become elitist, which indicates an increasing base of right-wing parties My hobbies are in the future.

The current health crisis has revived the national feelings of the European people again, convinced more and more of the ineffectiveness and efficacy of the Union institutions, as a result of poor coordination between its actors, which may reinforce the legitimacy crisis of the European club, which overlooked social integration, in return for its focus on economic-development integration and achieving goals Political-security.

Samuel Huntington expected that there will be decomposition and cracking of institutions if they lack the ability to adapt to temporal and generational shifts, internal cohesion, organizational complexity, and financial and functional independence, according to what Mohammed Abdullah Younis mentioned in his article entitled “Shocks of the Future: The main problems for predicting sudden shifts in the world” Published in "Juvenile Trends" journal, January-February 2017, issued by the Center for Future Research and Advanced Studies.

"New isolationism"

Regardless of the mechanisms that the European Union will adopt to cope with future shocks, the angry public mood of the “eurozone” policies towards the Corona crisis will affect European political trends, which researcher Hala Al-Hefnawi warned in an article in the same periodical entitled, New Isolationism: Causes of Uncertainty in Understanding People's Attitudes.

The researcher pointed out that "societies do not establish their opinions and directions or take their decisions according to logical considerations necessarily. There is another emotional aspect that mainly affects the attitudes of the public, and it is called a number of terms, such as: collective emotion or general mood," stressing the existence of general trends that reject the implications The negative of globalization.

What is currently taking place in the European Union, due to the repercussions of the "Corona" epidemic, raises a pivotal question for European peoples: What exactly happens? But surely there are internal rifts in the union, due to the difference over the pandemic containment policies, as the countries reject the proposed German courses of action to address the crisis, especially the path of economic austerity adopted by "Merkel's country."

The Unexpected Age

During the past week, Spain has alerted, through the Prime Minister, to the repercussions of the strict austerity adopted during the past years, citing the result of the austerity measures adopted in light of the debt crisis resulting from the economic recession of 2008, and calling for countries not to engage in their internal issues only, because of This would lose the European integration project's momentum and momentum.

In light of the sudden and unexpected events that characterize the current era, the European bloc has become obligated to search for a consensual formula that will accommodate successive shocks, especially in light of the repercussions presented by global integration, which requires effective proactive preparation to deal with emergency crises, by correcting the current path Which encourages populism that has turned into an "attractive" political style in Europe.

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